Professional Development News 

Evaluation of goal-setting in a diabetes group self-management education programme for people with Type 2 diabetes (DESMOND) in Ireland and England.

O'Donnell M.T.; Horne R.L.; Carey M.E.; Davies M.J.; Dinneen S.F. Discipline of Medicine, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland and  Leicester Diabetes Centre, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, United Kingdom



To measure the number of people who write an action plan on completion of a diabetes group self-management programme for people with Type 2 diabetes (DESMOND), the goals of their action plans and their level of confidence in achieving their goals.



At the end of DESMOND, attendees are asked to complete a structured action plan to target an area they want to work on (e.g. blood pressure, weight) and rate their confidence in achieving their plan on a 1-10 scale. Copies of action plans were collected from consenting participants for analysis.



279/511(55%) DESMOND attendees agreed to participate with 89% (n = 248) completing an action plan. The mean age of those completing an action plan was 60 years, 59% were male. Seventy three percent (n = 151) of those that selected an area to work on focused on one area. The most common areas targeted were weight (48%, n = 103) and blood glucose (36%, n = 77). The most common action plans to address targeted areas were physical activity-related (46%, n = 114), diet-related (27%, n = 67) or a combination of both (23%, n = 56). The mean level of confidence in achieving chosen goals was 8. The type of action plan chosen was not significantly associated with age or gender.



The majority of participants successfully set specific goals which they chose for themselves. The most common targeted goal was weight, with a preference for action plans focusing on diet or physical activity, or a combination of both.